The Committees for Maritime Fisheries and Fish Farming
The Fisheries Committees are private-law entities mandated, by law, of public service missions.
These committees are based along the marine coastline of the metropolitan and oversea territories in such manner:
- A National Committee (called in French, CNPMEM)
- 14 Regional Committees (called in French, CRPMEM)
- 12 Local and Interdepartmental Committees (called in French, CDPMEM or CIDPMEM).
The Committees for Maritime Fisheries and Marine Fish Farming are composed of elected professionals, union, producer and maritime cooperative representatives coming from every fishing metier.
The National Committee, whose office is located in Paris, is in charge of engagements defined by Rural and Maritime Fisheries Code. It consists mostly in the representation of the interests of the profession, the management of the maritime fisheries and the active contribution in drawing-up French, European or international regulations applicable to the industry.
It is composed of representatives from CRPMEM, fisheries and marine fish farming business owners, producer organizations and maritime cooperatives.
At national level, its main interlocutors are State services such as the directorates of the Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development (Head Department for Maritime Fisheries and Fish Farming, Head Department for Environment and Biodiversity, etc.), national advisory bodies (National Committee for Ecological Transition, National Committee for Sea and Coastline, etc.), but also the French Parliament and the European institutions.
The Regional Committees are in charge of engagements defined by the Rural and Maritime Fisheries Code. It consists in the same as the National Committee but at regional level. Thus, its main interlocutors are decentralized administrations (“DIRM” in French) and local authorities. The CRPMEM are composed of elected professionals such as business owners in the field of fisheries, fish farms or employees, but also representatives from the C(I)DPMEM, producer organizations and maritime cooperatives.
Finally, the Local and Interdepartmental Committees, within their territorial jurisdiction, have two main missions, which are the representation and the promotion of general interests of this profession, including the information and the advice of fishing companies and their employees. The C(I)DPMEM are composed of elected professionals such as business owners in fisheries, fish farms or vessel crew, producer organizations and maritime cooperatives.
In France, the Committees for Fisheries thus have, in partnership with the Government, an essential role to play in the representation and the co-management of maritime fisheries and marine fish farming industries.
The Council and the Bureau of the CNPMEM
The National Committee for Maritime Fisheries and Marine Fish Farming is composed of the Council and the Bureau.
The Council is composed of 42 members, elected for 5 years. 14 representatives of the CRPMEM, 13 representatives of maritime fishing company business owners and 1 for fish farming, 3 representatives of maritime cooperatives and finally, 11 representatives of producer organizations. Two representatives of fish trade and transformation companies also have an advisory role. Members of the Council are nominated on decision of the Minister in charge of maritime fisheries.
- To define orientations and general political positions.
- Consultations of the CNPMEM on regulation texts related to the operation of the professional organization.
- Consultations of the CNPMEM on international treaties, Community regulations, guidelines, laws and edicts on resource management
- Consultations of the CNPMEM on environmental issues, social regulations, and texts specific to the overseas departments.
- The deliberations related to the budget, the approval of annual accounts and Mandatory Professional Contributions (called “CPO” in French).
Its meetings and operations
The Council gathers at least 4 times a year, either on summoning of the President of the CNPMEM, on demand of the Minister in charge of maritime fisheries, or on request of a majority of the CNPMEM members. The Council delegated a certain amount of its skills to the Bureau.
In addition to the President and Vice-Presidents, the Bureau of the CNPMEM is composed of 12 members elected by the Council in these proportions: 6 representatives of company owners, 2 representatives of CRPMEM, 3 representatives of the Producer organizations and 1 of maritime cooperatives.
In addition to its own missions (Communication, management of the General Fund for Weather and Structural Losses or, in French, “CGIA”), the Bureau also works on missions given by the Council:
- Enacting deliberations related to fishery management.
- Enacting deliberations embodying the opinion of the CNPMEM on edict projects in relation with the resource management and submitted to its consultation by the Minister in charge of Maritime Fisheries and Fish Farming.
- Enacting deliberations on the CNPMEM operation, but for the adoption or the revision of the internal bylaws.
- Enacting nomination deliberations of its representatives in external structures.
- Enacting deliberations in relation with subsidies attribution.
- Enacting deliberation of porting or contribution to programs.
The Bureau gathers at least 9 times a year on summoning of the President, on demand of the Minister in charge of Fisheries or also on request from a majority of the members.