The professional onshore fishery

The professional onshore fishery can be defined as the activity « whose action, for the purpose of selling marine animals, is exerted on the maritime public domain and also in rivers, ponds or canals where water is salted as delimited by the ongoing regulation. In order to do shore fishing properly:

1°the fisherman must keep both feet on the ground at all time.

2°the fisherman must not bear breathing equipment allowing him to remain immersed.

About 1 300 professional onshore fishermen were identified in 2013 in France. This number is quite stable since the official recognition of this profession, in 2001.

Professional onshore fishery is exerted along the entire metropolitan coastline, from Dunkerque to Menton, on sandy as well as on muddy or rocky bottoms. The main captured species are cockles, clams, tellins, mussels and oysters in the Channel and the Atlantic Ocean, and tellins in the Mediterranean Sea. Nevertheless, other species are captured by professional onshore fishermen: shellfish other than those mentions previously, crustacean, fish but also marine worms and plants.

The main deposits are located in the Somme Bay and La Baule for the cockles, in the Gulf of Morbihan, the Bourgneuf Bay and the Arcachon basin for the clams. Some regions offer smaller deposits but in higher quantity as in Basse-Normandie, Bretagne and Poitou-Charentes.

Professional onshore fishing can be the main activity of a fisherman or, a side activity in addition to onboard fishing or shellfish fish farming for example.

This activity depends on a fluctuating resource, depending itself on environmental hazards, climatic or sanitary. Since 2012, this activity has entered in a significant crisis following remarkable climatic events (high temperatures in the summer due to a decrease of precipitations, or on the contrary, very important precipitations during the spring).

Mis à jour le 5 March 2015